Written Down Value

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  1. RishabhJain2309

    RishabhJain2309 New Member

    What would be the treatment of WDV in case-
    1. an asset is exchanged for an asset, no consideration in cash is received..and
    2. if an assset is gifted to a relative?

    Please quote relevent sections.
     
  2. ZED

    ZED Well-Known Member

    Following are the explanations to S.43(1) of the Income Tax Act 1961,

    Explanation 2.—Where an asset is acquired by the assessee by way of gift or inheritance, the actual cost of the asset to the assessee shall be the actual cost to the previous owner, as reduced by
    the amount of depreciation that would have been allowable to the assessee for any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1988, as if the asset was the only asset in the relevant block of assets.


    The actual basically means the cost which actually has been incurred to acquire the asset.
    When you will acquire an asset then whatever consideration you give to acquire that asset, is its cost of acquisition. [Expenses to bring to asset to present location and CONDITION are also to be capitalized]

    There is one important thing to note in such case and that is the WDV of the asset given up and the WDV/cost ,as the case maybe, of the asset acquired.
    The explanations to S.43(1) indirectly covers this


    Explanation 3.—Where, before the date of acquisition by the assessee, the assets were at any time used by any other person for the purposes of his business or profession and the Assessing Officer is satisfied that the main purpose of the transfer of such assets, directly or indirectly to the assessee, was the reduction of a liability to income-tax (by claiming depreciation with reference to an enhanced cost), the actual cost to the assessee shall be such an amount as the Assessing Officer may, with the previous approval of the Joint Commissioner,determine having regard to all the circumstances of the case.

    Explanation 4.—Where any asset which had once belonged to the assessee and had been used by him for the purposes of his business or profession and thereafter ceased to be his property by reason of transfer or otherwise, is re-acquired by him, the actual cost to the assessee shall be—

    (i) the actual cost to him when he first acquired the asset as reduced by—

    (a) the amount of depreciation actually allowed to him under this Act or under the corresponding provisions of the Indian Income-tax Act, 1922 (11 of 1922), in respect of any previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing before the 1st day of April, 1988; and

    (b) the amount of depreciation that would have been allowable to the assessee for any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1988, as if the asset was the only asset in the relevant block of assets; or

    (ii) the actual price for which the asset is re-acquired by him,

    whichever is less.

    Explanation 4A.—Where before the date of acquisition by the assessee (hereinafter referred to as the first mentioned person), the assets were at any time used by any other person (hereinafter referred to as the second mentioned person) for the purposes of his business or profession and depreciation allowance has been claimed in respect of such assets in the case of the second mentioned person and such person acquires on lease, hire or otherwise assets from the first mentioned person, then, notwithstanding anything contained in Explanation 3, the actual cost of the transferred assets, in the case of first mentioned person, shall be the same as the written down value of the said assets at the time of transfer thereof by the second mentioned person.

    Accounting aspects
    Extracts from Ind As 16
    One or more items of property, plant and equipment may be acquired in exchange for a non-monetary asset or assets, or a combination of monetary and nonmonetary assets. The following discussion refers simply to an exchange of one non-monetary asset for another, but it also applies to all exchanges described in the preceding sentence. The cost of such an item of property, plant and equipment is measured at fair value unless (a) the exchange transaction lacks commercial substance or (b) the fair value of neither the asset received nor the asset given up is reliably measurable. The acquired item is measured in this way even if an entity cannot immediately derecognise the asset given up. If the acquired item is not measured at fair value, its cost is measured at the carrying amount of the asset given up.



    Extracts from As-10
    When a fixed asset is acquired in exchange for another asset, its cost is usually determined by reference to the fair market value of the consideration given. It may be appropriate to consider also the fair market value of the asset acquired if this is more clearly evident. An alternative accounting treatment that is sometimes used for an exchange of assets, particularly when the assets exchanged are similar, is to record the asset acquired at the net book value of the asset given up; in each case an adjustment is made for any balancing receipt or payment of cash or other consideration.
     
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